Monday, December 11, 2006

BJP’s stand on Indo-US nuclear agreement

It feels that India would be forced to adhere to obligations of international protocols – Proliferation Security Initiative, the Australia Group and the Wassenaar Agreement – regarding which India had objected to in the past. We will see some basic info about these agreements below; excerpted from their web sites.

Proliferation Security Initiative: The Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) is a response to the growing challenge posed by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), their delivery systems, and related materials worldwide. The PSI builds on efforts by the international community to prevent proliferation of such items, including existing treaties and regimes. It is consistent with and a step in the implementation of the UN Security Council Presidential Statement of January 1992, which states that the proliferation of all WMD constitutes a threat to international peace and security, and underlines the need for member states of the UN to prevent proliferation. The PSI is also consistent with recent statements of the G-8 and the European Union, establishing that more coherent and concerted efforts are needed to prevent the proliferation of WMD, their delivery systems, and related materials. PSI participants are deeply concerned about this threat and of the danger that these items could fall into the hands of terrorists, and are committed to working together to stop the flow of these items to and from states and non-state actors of proliferation concern. See more details about PSI at its web site http://www.state.gov/t/np/c10390.htm

The Australia Group is an informal arrangement which aims to allow exporting or transshipping countries to minimise the risk of assisting chemical and biological weapon (CBW) proliferation. The Group meets annually to discuss ways of increasing the effectiveness of participating countries’ national export licensing measures to prevent would-be proliferators from obtaining materials for CBW programs. See more details about it at http://www.australiagroup.net/en/intro.htm

Wassenaar Agreement: The Wassenaar Arrangement has been established in order to contribute to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus preventing destabilising accumulations. Participating States seek, through their national policies, to ensure that transfers of these items do not contribute to the development or enhancement of military capabilities which undermine these goals, and are not diverted to support such capabilities. See full details about this on its web page at http://www.wassenaar.org/introduction/index.html.

1 Comment:

Ramakrishna said...

13.12.2006:
The BJP says that the reconciled bill aims at capping, rolling back and eventually eliminating India’s nuclear capability. There is an absolute ban on further tests – including sub-critical tests and those for peaceful purposes. This will completely stymie India’s technical advancement in this vital sphere. By going in for an agreement under this legislation, the government is binding India’s future in security as well as technical advancement.

Government’s estimates say that nuclear power generation would touch 30,000 MW by 2022 and 63,000 MW by 2032.