Nuclear Power back in favour:
While nuclear power accounts for only 3% of the total generation in India produces a mere 16.7 bn units from this source.
India produces a mere 16.7 bn units from this source.
Only about 30 countries have nuclear power stations, which can generate electricity.
Nuclear generation does not suffer from the problems of greenhouse gas emissions and fly ash accumulation associated with coal based thermal stations. About 35 tonnes of fly ash gets generated per 100 tons of coal consumed.
Nuclear plants are very costly. For a typical thermal plant the cost works out to Rs. 4 to 4.5 cr per MW while it is about Rs. 6 to 6.5 cr per MW for a nuclear plant.
The life of a nuclear plant is about 35 years in comparison to that of 25 years for a thermal plant.
Cost of fuel for nuclear plants is less than Rs. 0.5 per unit as against about Re. 1 for coal based plants. For gas based thermal plants it is about Rs. 1.5 per unit (based on a gas price of about $4 per mmbtu – million metric british thermal units).
One tonne of nautral uranium can produce more than 40 mln units of electricity. This is equivalent to bruning 16,000 tons of coal, 100 mln cubic meters of gas or 80,000 barrels of oil. A typical 1,000 MW power plant would require about 40 lk tonnes of coal per year.
As per estimates,
Power theft solutions:
Around 30 to 50% of the power generated in
KLG Systel, an IT company has come out with a solution for power theft. The solution called Vidushi, incorporates a remote controller and communication hardware using GPRS/CDMA, theft prevention hardware, and automated meter reading to prevent distribution losses.
Need for an effective Transmission System:
With the commissioning of the Tala transmission system, the Northern and Eastern regional grids have been connected. This brings more than 70% of the total installed capacity to the same frequency level. It is important to note that the ideal frequency at which electricity needs to be supplied is 50 Hz. It is important to maintain this frequency of supply, as drastic deviations in the frequency will cause the grid to collapse. Hence the aim of all the regional grids to maintain their frequencies at 50 Hz. If all the regional grids are interconnected, we can be sure of getting electricity at more or less the same frequency througout the country.
The transmission line in
Inter regional power flows account for only about 2 to 3% of the total power produced in the country. As against this, the global norm is about 10 to 15% transfer. We are expected to reach this scenario by 2012.
New Technology in Generation:
Super critical thermal power stations.
The super critical technology is based on the property of water. At a pressure of 225 bar (unit of pressure) in a boiler, water transforms into steam instantaneously. This super heated steam is fed to turbine to generate power. This process differs from the conventional one, in which steam and moisture co-exist as a mixture in the boiler.
While the maximum size of a conventional thermal plant is 500 MW, super critical equipment comes in the range of 660 MW to 800 MW and can go up to 1,000 MW. Further, these plants require much lesser time for start-up or shut-down, unlike conventional plants.
Most plants based on this technology are based in
Conventional plants have thermal efficiency (energy produced per unit of energy input) in the range of 30-35% only, with most Indian plants operating in 30-32% range. The efficiency of power plants using super-critical technology can go up to 45%. As per estimates a 1% increase in efficiency reduces emissions by upto 2%.