It is one of those issues for which the world community has not been able to find a solution over decades. I would dare say that civilizations have fought over this issue, though they would have called it with a different name during their respective heydays.
As you would have by now noticed, while relying heavily on Wikipedia, I would also chip in with my own perspectives, edits and additions to gather what we need to understand the issue. Have the patience to go through the whole maze of the issue on Wikipedia? Go ahead here:
Be warned though that it is very easy to get lost in the maze of links that they provide. For those of you who don’t have the patience or time; or perhaps rely on my abilities to present you with something useful, read on…
It would be unnecessary for us to go into the disputes between civilizations regarding this issue. If you understand basically three landmark events relating to it, that should suffice. Other current developments always get reflected in daily news and our updates. In fact the current developments have become routine and not worthy of reporting any longer. People kill each other; that’s it. That is what it has been reduced to. The three landmark events include:
2. Six Day War
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which is at the heart of the Arab-Israeli conflict, is an ongoing dispute between two peoples, Jewish Israelis and Arab Palestinians, that both claim the right to sovereignty over the Land of Israel/Palestine in whole or in part. Throughout history, there have been many conflicts in this area between peoples inhabiting it. This particular conflict can be traced to the late 19th century, when Zionist Jews expressed their desire to create a modern state in their ancient homeland. The Zionist Organization sought to realize this goal by encouraging immigration thither, and purchasing land in the region, then controlled by the
The central contentious issue of who controls the land remains the same. The State of Israel, established control over the West Bank and Gaza Strip by defeating surrounding Arab armies in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and the 1967 Six Day War. When the Palestine Liberation Organization controlled the Palestinian Authority, it sought to establish an independent, viable, and sovereign state on this land. Hamas, now the majority party in the Palestinian Authority, calls for the destruction of
Most Palestinians accept the
The 1948 Arab Israeli war
The 1948 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Israeli War of Independence, was the first in a series of wars fought between the State of Israel and its Arab neighbors in the long-running Arab-Israeli conflict. For Israeli Jews, the war marks the successful establishment of the Israeli state, but for Palestinian Arabs, it signifies the beginning of the events referred to as "al Nakba" (meaning "the Catastrophe"), a term used to describe the fleeing or expulsion of hundreds of thousands of Palestinian residents from the newly created state of Israel, and the subsequent Israeli ban on their return.
In 1947, the United Nations had recommended partitioning
By the end of May, approximately 6,000 Syrian, 4,500 Iraqi, between 6,000 and 9,000 Transjordanian, 1,000 Lebanese and 5,500 Egyptian troops had invaded the territory of the former British mandate, joining the Palestinian irregulars. The Transjordanians fought only in the areas alloted to the Arab state and to the corpus seperatum of
The six day war
The Six-Day War, also known as the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, the Third Arab-Israeli War, Six Days' War, an Naksah (The Setback), or the June War, was fought between
The Oslo Accords, Officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or Declaration of Principles (DOP), were finalized in
In essence, the accords called for the withdrawal of Israeli forces from parts of the Gaza Strip and
* Area A - full control of the Palestinian Authority.
* Area B - Palestinian civil control and Israeli security control.
* Area C - full Israeli control, except over Palestinian civilians. These areas were Israeli settlements and security zones without a significant Palestinian population.
Together with the principles the two groups signed Letters of Mutual Recognition - The Israeli government recognized the PLO as the legitimate representative of the Palestinian people while the PLO recognized the right of the state of
The aim of Israeli-Palestinian negotiations was to establish a Palestinian Interim Self-Government Authority, an elected Council, for the Palestinian people in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, for a transitional period not exceeding five years, leading to a permanent settlement based on Resolution 242 and Resolution 338, an integral part of the whole peace process.
In order that the Palestinians should govern themselves according to democratic principles, free and general political elections would be held for the Council.
Jurisdiction of the Palestinian Council would cover the
The five-year transitional period would commence with the withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and
There would be a transfer of authority from the IDF to the authorized Palestinians, concerning education and culture, health, social welfare, direct taxation, and tourism.
The Council would establish a strong police force, while
An Israeli-Palestinian Economic Cooperation Committee would be established in order to develop and implement in a cooperative manner the programs identified in the protocols.
A redeployment of Israeli military forces in the
The Declaration of Principles would enter into force one month after its signing. All protocols annexed to the Declaration of Principles and the Agreed Minutes pertaining to it, should be regarded as part of it.
It is a geopolitical reality that we are living in a unipolar world with the
I may look cynical; but the fact is that in spite of following this issue closely for more than two decades, I have not been able to see anything other than intransigence on the part of the parties to the conflict.
So many other conflicts appeared on the world horizon and disappeared after some time; but not this one.